Graded Algebra Fine Grading Weyl Group Simple Lie Algebra
Institute of Mathematics and Informatics Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
Serdica Mathematical Journal, Vol. 38, No 1-3, (2012), 7p-36p
Given a grading Γ : L ⨁ = g ∈ G L g on a nonassociative algebra L by an abelian group G, we have two subgroups of Aut(L): the automorphisms that stabilize each component L g (as a subspace) and the automorphisms that permute the components. By the Weyl group of Γ we mean the quotient of the latter subgroup by the former. In the case of a Cartan decomposition of a semisimple complex Lie algebra, this is the automorphism group of the root system, i.e., the so-called extended Weyl group. A grading is called fine if it cannot be refined. We compute the Weyl groups of all fine gradings on simple Lie algebras of types A, B, C and D (except D 4) over an algebraically closed field of characteristic different from 2.