Rational Symmetric Functions MacMahon Partition Analysis Hilbert Series Classical Invariant Theory Noncommutative Invariant Theory Algebras with Polynomial Identity Cocharacter Sequence

Issue Date:

2012

Publisher:

Institute of Mathematics and Informatics Bulgarian Academy of Sciences

Citation:

Serdica Mathematical Journal, Vol. 38, No 1-3, (2012), 137p-188p

Abstract:

Let K be a field of any characteristic. Let the formal power series f(x1, ..., xd) = ∑ αnx1^n1 ··· xd^nd = ∑ m(λ)Sλ(x1, ..., xd), αn, m(λ) ∈ K, be a symmetric function decomposed as a series of Schur functions. When f is a rational function whose denominator is a product of binomials of the form 1−x1^a1 ··· xd^ad, we use a classical combinatorial method of Elliott of 1903
further developed in the Ω-calculus (or Partition Analysis) of MacMahon in 1916 to compute the generating function X
M(f;x1, ..., xd ) = ∑ m(λ)x1^λ1 ··· xd^λd, λ = (λ1, ..., λd). M is a rational function with denominator of a similar form as f. We apply the method to several problems on symmetric algebras, as well as problems in classical invariant theory, algebras with polynomial identities, and noncommutative invariant theory.