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Title: Time-Delayed Bioreactor Model of Phenol and Cresol Mixture Degradation with Interaction Kinetics
Authors: Borisov, Milen
Dimitrova, Neli
Zlateva, Plamena
Keywords: Wastewater
Phenol and P-cresol Mixture Biodegradation
Bioreactor Model
SKIP Kinetics
Discrete Delay
Equilibrium Points
Stability Analysis
Hopf Bifurcations
Numerical Simulation
Issue Date: 17-Nov-2021
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Borisov, M.; Dimitrova, N.; Zlateva, P. Time-Delayed Bioreactor Model of Phenol and Cresol Mixture Degradation with Interaction Kinetics. Water, 2021, 13, 3266.
Series/Report no.: Water;13, 3266
Abstract: This paper is devoted to a mathematical model for phenol and p-cresol mixture degradation in a continuously stirred bioreactor. The biomass specific growth rate is presented as sum kinetics with interaction parameters (SKIP). A discrete time delay is introduced and incorporated into the biomass growth response. These two aspects—the mutual influence of the two substrates and the natural biological time delay in the biomass growth rate—are new in the scientific literature concerning bioreactor (chemostat) models. The equilibrium points of the model are determined and their local asymptotic stability as well as the occurrence of local Hopf bifurcations are studied in dependence on the delay parameter. The existence and uniqueness of positive solutions are established, and the global stabilizability of the model dynamics is proved for certain values of the delay. Numerical simulations illustrate the global behavior of the model solutions as well as the transient oscillations as a result of the Hopf bifurcation. The performed theoretical analysis and computer simulations can be successfully used to better understand the biodegradation dynamics of the chemical compounds in the bioreactor and to predict and control the system behavior in real life conditions.
ISSN: 2073-4441
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